Everything You Need to Know About Wisdom Teeth

Everything You Need to Know About Wisdom Teeth


The majority of people expect their wisdom teeth to appear during early adult years or late teens. However, there are also a lot of people who do not have wisdom teeth at all. In simple terms, wisdom teeth are the third set of molars in the back of the mouth. It is not a secret that wisdom teeth can cause a lot of problems and interfere with people’s daily activities.

Wisdom teeth typically can cause severe pain. This is because of the fact that these teeth break through the gums and if there is not enough space in your mouth for the wisdom teeth, they can become impacted below the gum surface. Dental implant specialists highly recommend removing them as soon as possible. This article describes the key things every person should know about wisdom teeth.

Why do some people not have wisdom teeth?

For the purpose of identifying whether a person has third molars, dentists normally make use of a dental x-ray. Some people might get worried that they do not have any wisdom teeth. It might make them think that something is wrong with their oral health. However, specialists claim that it is okay not to have third molars. Research shows that between 5 to 37 percent of people do not have third molars at all. The reasons for that are still unknown but specialists believe that this can occur due to genetics. It means that if one of your parents does not have wisdom teeth, you are more likely to be missing them as well.

Lack of third molars can be also due to chewing function, diet and environment. Although, you have to keep in mind that even if you do not have wisdom teeth it does not mean that you do not have them. In some cases, third molars are stuck in the gum, which restricts them from emerging. As was mentioned above, dental x-ray can be used for the purpose of detecting wisdom teeth. In the vast majority of cases, dental implant specialists recommend removing wisdom teeth in order to avoid any pain or gum infections. It can be also an option to monitor third morals and remove only impacted wisdom teeth if it starts causing problems.

When do wisdom teeth normally emerge?

It was already mentioned that wisdom teeth appear at different ages depending on the person. However, people can expect their wisdom teeth to emerge during late teens or early adult years. Some people might experience their third molars emerging earlier and later than the specified timeframe above.

Dentists state the best time to remove wisdom teeth is when a person is still young. This is normally due to the fact that young people have softer bones and their nerve roots have not completely formed. If you hesitate to remove them until adulthood, you are running the chance of making this procedure extremely difficult and painful.

Why do we have wisdom teeth and what is their purpose?

Wisdom teeth removal is a common dental procedure because your mouth can normally fit only 28 teeth in the mouth. Additional teeth will lead to overcrowding. A lot of people wonder about the purpose of wisdom teeth and why do we have them if our mouth can only fit 28 teeth. Some specialists claim that wisdom teeth serve as replacement teeth for our distant ancestors.

Because of the fact that our ancestors used to eat different types of food that was not as soft as the food nowadays and they did not have regular dental check-ups, they might have faced gum and teeth issues. If this was the case, wisdom teeth possibly provided extra assistance for chewing. Nowadays, wisdom teeth have no purpose and in the vast majority of cases cause a lot of harm.

What are the possible complications of wisdom teeth?

Without any doubt, there is no rule of thumb stating the time when to remove your wisdom teeth, especially if you have enough space in the mouth. However, there are also people who decide to remove their wisdom teeth even if they do not cause any problems. The main reason for this decision is to avoid any problems in the long run. But there are also people who decide to remove their wisdom teeth only when they cause severe pain.

Dentists say that wisdom teeth cause problems the longer they remain in the mouth. Specialists have developed a list of possible complications of wisdom teeth:

  1. Teeth pain: this is the most common complication of wisdom teeth. Tooth pain can be either mild or severe. In addition to that, you might experience gum pain in the back of your mouth for a few days. Tooth pain will gradually increase to the point when a person will not be able to handle it anymore. This pain normally occurs because of the tooth pressing on the nerves in the mouth.
  2. Redness and swelling: apart from tooth pain, a person might also experience swelling and redness in the gums around their wisdom teeth.
  3. Impacted tooth: some teeth and jaw bone can prevent your wisdom teeth from emerging. In this case, your third morals will remain trapped under the gum line. It typically leads to severe pain in the mouth. A cyst can be also developed in the back of the mouth.
  4. Oral infection: bacteria can get trapped in your gums when your wisdom teeth emerge, which in turn can lead to an oral infection. There are several signs of an oral infection and they include pain, redness, bad breath, swelling and a foul taste in the mouth.
  5. Cavities: a cavity on emerging wisdom teeth can be caused by food that gets trapped in the gums around third molars. Because of the lack of space to brush and floss, teeth in front of the wisdom teeth can also get cavities.
  6. Shifting teeth: believe it or not, but you do not want to experience shifting teeth. Because of the lack of space in your mouth, your third molars will cause other teeth shifting out of place as these emerge. As a result, your teeth will become crooked and misaligned.

When is it time to see a specialist?

Specialists say that if you experience severe teeth pain or observe your wisdom teeth emerging, you should seek immediate dentist’s help. During a dentist visit, your doctor will take x-rays for the purpose of determining the number of wisdom teeth you have.

In case you experience severe teeth pain, your oral doctor will recommend removing these teeth right away. In this case, you will prevent yourself from the risk of several complications including infections, bone loss, cavities, nerve pain and shifting teeth.

If you do not experience any teeth pain, your dentist will monitor your teeth and advise removing them later. However, people should keep in mind that wisdom teeth removal becomes more complicated as people age. Therefore, it is recommended to remove wisdom teeth even if you do not experience teeth pain.

To summarize the aforementioned, it can be said that some people do not have wisdom teeth at all. Therefore, if you are fortunate enough, you will avoid this unpleasant procedure of removing wisdom teeth. But if you have wisdom teeth that do cause any problems, it is still highly recommended to remove them during early age. In this case, the procedure will be less painful. Do not forget to have regular dental check-ups for the purpose of monitoring your dental health.

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Amelia Grant

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