What Causes Elderly People to Fall?

What Causes Elderly People to Fall?

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Fall accidents are among the top causes of fatal and non-fatal injuries among many senior citizens, mainly due to how common they happen as people age. The CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that falls are the top cause of such injuries among American seniors, especially since many aging people suffer from conditions that make it hard for them to balance their bodies.

Even if the seniors or their families or caregivers take preventive measures to avoid falling, such accidents can still occur. Everyone must know why senior citizens fall to help prevent such instances from happening.

People become less active as they grow old, which leads to losing muscle strength, poor bone quality, losing balance, and lesser flexibility. Any of these can increase the chances of fall accidents, especially when people lose their balance.

Poor vision can make it challenging for people to see steps in stairwells and thresholds. Because senior citizens tend to suffer from eye diseases that impair their vision, they have a high chance of falling when climbing up and down.

The seniors’ medications also tend to have side effects that make it easier for senior citizens to fall. Among the side effects they can feel are drowsiness, dizziness, and low blood pressure. These are present in sedatives, opioids, anti-depressants, antipsychotics, and various cardiovascular drugs.

Many seniors also suffer from various chronic diseases that weaken their extremities, grip strength, balance, and others. Poor physical strength increases the risk of falling and effectively reduces the seniors' chances of responding to trips and slips. People should look out for include Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and arthritis.

The other causes of fall accidents include past surgical procedures, environmental hazards, and senior citizens' behaviors. When the families, caregivers, or the seniors themselves are aware of the dangers that can cause them to fall, they can improve their safety. They can view this infographic by Euro-American Connections & Homecare to know more about the cause of fall accidents.

elderly fall

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Giovana Monaco
Giovana Monaco

Giovana Monaco is a digital media specialist and content writer who is currently focusing on the home care industry, as she holds a position as the marketing coordinator at Euro-American Connections & Homecare. Content writer by day and a reader by night, she is a member of 7 different book clubs and the host of the upcoming podcast The Wine Pages.

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