According to the studies conducted by the health direct government agency, around one-third of the Australian population experienced high blood pressure at the early age of 18. Food, habits, environment, and stress cause an impact on the lifestyle of the juvenile generations today.
With this regard, this condition may put you at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases that may lead to heart attack or stroke. As the famous mantra says, prevention is better than cure. You must monitor your blood pressure regularly to stay fit and healthy.
In this article, we will discuss all the potential factors about blood pressure and the ways on how to monitor this condition. But first, let us define what blood pressure is all about.
What is blood pressure?
It refers to the force that circulates the heart, vessels, veins, and arterial walls of the cardiovascular system. This condition is also known as hypertension or hypotension, depends on the systolic and diastolic range. It can be measured using a stethoscope, manual pulse reading, or digital monitoring device.
When checking your blood pressure, you must familiarize yourself with these two things: the systolic (highest) and diastolic (lowest) readings.
- The systolic represents the pressure in the artery when the heart contracts
- On the other hand, diastolic means the pressure in the artery area in which the heart shows a composed and relaxed state
- Generally, normal blood pressure is within the range of 120/80 mmHg to 140/90 mmHg (for adults)
What is the difference between hypertension and hypotension?
According to the American Heart Association guidelines, when the systolic and diastolic readings are lower or higher than the normal range, it means you are experiencing either hypertension or hypotension.
- Stage 1 – Systolic range: 130 to 139 mmHg; Diastolic range: 80 to 89 mmHg
- Stage 2 – Systolic range: 140 to 180 mmHg; Diastolic range: 90 to 120 mmHg
- Stage 3 – Hypertensive crisis – Systolic range: Above 180 mmHg; Diastolic range: Above 120 mmHg
- Systolic range: Below 90 mmHg; Diastolic range: Below 60 mmHg
It is very important to keep your blood pressure at a normal level to prevent any health risks associated with diseases. In some cases, people with a pre-existing condition may experience hypertension or hypotension. The reason is that their internal organs do not function well due to stress, smoking, aging, obesity, alcohol addiction, diabetes, thyroid issues, pregnancy, bloodstream infections, and more. If this is the case, you may need to ask your cardiologist or internal medicine doctor about the necessary treatments.
What are the symptoms?
In some cases, the people who suffer from hypertension or hypotension do not feel anything. That is why it is often called a “silent killer” disease. It is important to determine if any noticeable conditions exist that may cause the blood pressure to rise or decline.
In this way, you can detect at an early stage whether you are suffering from this condition. Here are the common things to observe:
Symptoms for Hypertension
- Severe headaches
- Vision problems, confusion & fatigue
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest paid and breathing difficulties
- Pounding sensation in your ears, neck, or chest
- Sleeping problems
- Flushed facial condition
- Nervousness and sweating
- Blood in the urine (if severe)
- Nosebleed (if severe)
Symptoms for Hypotension
- Blurry vision and lack of concentration
- Pale skin
- Unsteadiness and headaches
- Neck pain
- Low and rapid breathing
What are the remedies to treat hypertension or hypotension?
If you are not experiencing anything yet, you should adjust your lifestyle into a healthy living habit. Also, you must undergo regular checkups at least annually or two times a year. In this way, you can monitor whether you are suffering any health-related problems.
If you are already experiencing these conditions, you should consult a cardiologist or internal medicine doctor for the treatment and oral medications. Moreover, you must adopt a well-balanced diet, perform regular exercises, cut down alcohol consumption, give up smoking and increase your fluid intake.
Furthermore, it is advisable for patients suffering from hypertension to avoid sitting or standing for long hours. Patients should avoid staying in extreme heat or warm places since high temperatures may cause their blood vessels to expand or dilate. With this regard, it may somehow affect your blood pressure and may contribute to overall health risks.
Also, it will be practical to buy a stethoscope or digital blood pressure reader so that you can monitor the systolic and diastolic readings. If possible, you may also need to look for home doctors so that you can have a private physician that can prioritize your blood pressure conditions.
For Australian residents, you should use your private health insurance or Medicare to shoulder the medication costs. In this way, it may help you reduce medical expenses in treating your condition.
Nowadays, doctors are adopting modern ways to become available to their patients online. You can now schedule appointments via Skype, Zoom, or Facebook. You may confirm from your physician whether he or she provides medical services using these social media platforms.
If you reside in Australia, you may also visit this health-direct Australian government to find any available healthcare services and general practitioners (GPs).
Takeaway: Did you check your pulse today?
Keeping your blood pressure at a normal level is very crucial to prevent any further complications. Every small step is already a great start to keep your body healthy. The combination of the medications and a healthy living lifestyle will help you maintain your systolic and diastolic readings at the standard range.
The blood pressure reading does not necessarily describe your overall health. You will still need to have a yearly or semi-annual checkup every year by a licensed healthcare professional. Sometimes, the blood pressure readings are not very accurate, and the doctors may need to ask you to perform an electrocardiogram (ECG) or lab tests.
If you think that you are experiencing several symptoms mentioned above, you may need to seek a physician. You must not tolerate the pain because it may worsen if not prevented.
About the Author:
Sachin Magar is the founder of Newstricky, an interesting blog to read. He has been contributing articles and sharing his ideas on good authority blogs.
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