The lime was well – known in the ancient times. In the Middle Ages the people believed, that it was a symbol of love.
Today, there are forty kinds of limes in the wild nature, but they are also cultivated. These wood are wide – spread in the temperate climate zone into Asia, Europe and east part of Northern America. The limes belong to the dicotyledonous, non – compassionate plants.
Now, we are going to present you two kinds of lime. At first place, here is the white one. In Latin language this kind of lime is named as ‘’Tilia tomentosa’’. It grows in deciduous forests in the foothills and the lower mountain belt up to 1500 m above the sea level.
White lime is a tree, up to 20 meters high, with fibrous branches. The leaves are sequentially located on the branches. These leaves are 5 to 12 centimeters long and almost as wide, with a handle 2 to 6 centimeters long, rounded ovoid, narrowed at the top, tapered. Blossoms collected 6 to 10 in mid-spring inflorescence, the handle of which has grown to the middle of the main stream of a large, pagan, covered with whitish hairs colorful leaf, up to 10 cm long and 0.5 to 1.5 cm wide.
The color cup is flat, 3.5 - 5 millimeters long. The petals are also five, naked, yellowish, long 4 - 7 millimeters, elliptical. There are many stamps. The ovary is superior. The flowering period is June to July. The fruit is firm nutmeg, up to 1 cm long.
The next kind is a lime with large leaves. In Latin it is named as ‘’Tilia platyphyllos’’. It grows into forests and into bushes, on stony slopes between 500 and 1000 meters above sea level . This tree reaches a height of up to 40 m. The leaves are consecutively located on its branches, these leaves are rounded ovate to broadly hearty, with a slightly asymmetrical base, to the top gradually narrowed, 7-14 cm long, 4 - 12 cm wide, both sides green, jagged, with handle, 2 - 6 cm long. Blossoms collected 2 - 5 in inflorescence. The leaves are five in length, 4.5 to 7.5 millimeters in length, 2 to 3.5 millimeters wide. Petals are also five in number, light yellow, 6 to 8.5 millimeters in length, 1.8 to 2.5 millimeters wide. The ovary is superior. The tree blooms June - July. The fruit is firm nutmeg, up to 1 cm long.
The two kinds of limes have using parts as a herbs – their blossoms. They are harvested during their flowering in June and July. In this process the colors should not be crushed. The blossoms of the two types of limes are collected separately. They are also dried individually in rooms up to 45 degrees and humidity up to 12%. Drying should stop when the colored handle becomes brittle when bending. These dried herbs are greenish-yellow in color, with pleasant smell and sweet taste. Packed separately. They are kept in a shady and airy place.
Lipase contains chemical ingredients such as: essential oil, flavon glycoside hesperidin, glycoside thiadiazine, saponins, tanning agents, provitamin A, vitamin C, mucus.
The lime owns antispasmodic, tonic and antimicrobial properties. The plant helps in: respiratory diseases (bronchitis, pneumonia, angina), high body temperature, rheumatic pain and neuritis. It is also used in urinary tract diseases.
Folk healers use the herb to relieve suffering from: stomach pain, headache, epilepsy, dizziness, panic attacks. Exterior blossoms are applied by compression in skin rashes, burns, pox.
For internal use, one tablespoon of dried blossoms is boiled in 200 ml of water for five minutes. The potion is drunk as tea. This potion can be used for compresses on human skin. In addition, for outdoor application, a hundred grams of blossoms, boiled in two liters of water, is added to the bath tub.