The herb contains many mucous substances, but they are destroyed if it dries. Therefore, if you are looking for healing properties of mucous substances, you should consume fresh morsel.
Mallow is known to mankind from the times of the Old World. In ancient Greece, some have used it as a supplement to their food. Other Greeks, such as Hippocrates, used the herb as a healing remedy.
The plant originates from Europe, North Africa and West Asia. The herb grows in North America, except for a few places between Louisiana and Florida. Vire, along fences, along with road banquets, to old walls and slopes, near arable lands, on fields in the rams, meadows and forest meadows Sometimes, in the presence of comfortable structures, hedges are formed. It can be found up to 1400 m above the sea level.
Common Mallow loves the light, but can also grow in semi-dark places. Prefers drained and moderately wet soils. In wildlife, the plant only spreads through its seeds. Easily planted. The colors of the mallow are brighter when exposed to more sunlight.
In the Latin language, the common mallow is named as Malva sylvestris. It belongs to the plant department ‘’Coated – Seed’’. Malva is a one-year or perennial grassy plant. The root is fleshy and up to 1 m long. The plant has upright branched stems, 30-120 cm tall, densely covered with spreading blades, rarely naked. The leaves are sequentially located on the stem, long 2 - 8 cm, wide 2.5 - 10 cm, rounded, jagged, the upper ones are more cut out of the lower ones. The upper leaves have 3 to 7 parts, they are sitting, on its top are a little fibrous, on the bottom are white hairs, sometimes naked; the leaf handle is hairy, up to 20 cm long. Colors are harvested in grapevine inflorescences and are found in the bosom of the leaves. These colors are large, 3-4 cm in diameter and have a handle, 1 - 4 cm long. The color cup is double - the inner one has five leaves, 5 - 6 mm long, the outer one is shorter, with three free sheets. The petals are five, free, at the top deeply incised, 12 - 30 mm long, pink-red, with darker longitudinal veins. The stamens are numerous, collected in a tube. The ovary is superior. The flowering period is May – September. The fruit is disk-shaped, 5-10 mm in diameter, disintegrating to 10 - 12 flattened parts.
The leaves and the colors of the common mallow are used.
Leaves are picked in dry weather during flowering by tearing by hand, sheet-by-sheet. Dry in a shade or in a drier at a temperature of up to 40 ° C. Permissible humidity 13%. When the leaves begin to wither on one side, they must turn to the other. Then, according to their condition, one or two reversals are made. The herb is dried when the handle of the foliage is broken. Dried leaves have a characteristic smell and slimy taste. Packed in bales. They are kept in ventilated and dry rooms.
Colors are picked at the beginning of flowering - May - June. Dry in a shade or in a drier at a temperature of up to 35 ° C. Permissible humidity 12%. The dried color is blue - violet, odorless and slimy. Packed in bales. It is stored in dry and ventilated rooms.
The flowers and leaves of the common mallow contain mucus, tannins, carotene (provitamin A), vitamin C, organic acids, traces of essential oil, mineral salts (10-15%), sugars, phytosterol. The flowers also contain the anthocyanin glucoside malvin.
In summary, the herbal health benefits include its ability to accelerate wound healing, protect against infection, reduce inflammation, reduce signs of aging, and improve the health of the respiratory system in the human body, optimize digestion, improve sleep and heals a headache.
You can use the common mallow as follows. One tablespoon of dried flowers or leaves are poured with 400 ml of boiling water and allowed to soak for one hour. Drink a glass of wine before eating three times a day. Internal, this fluid can be used in stomach pain, migraine, kidney inflammation, gas, cough. Exterior, the mixture can be applied to a gargle for pain in the teeth and throat, eyewash rinses, paws for injuries and aging of the skin.