Septicemia is a general term used to characterize the immune system's response to an infection.
This means that any viral, fungal or bacterial infection of the lungs (pneumonia), the kidneys, the blood or abdomen can lead to sepsis. This is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Which of us are threatened by the development of sepsis?
Studies have shown that elderly people 65 years old are most at risk and those of us who have a compromised immune system. With weakened immunity are people suffering from AIDS, cancer and those who are waiting for an organ transplant. Bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, can also cause the development of sepsis. Characteristic symptoms in the early stages of sepsis are an accelerated heart rate (more than 90 beats per minute); rapid breathing; diagnosed infection – usually the kidneys, blood, lungs (pneumonia), or abdomen; high temperature or higher – 38.3. In advanced stages, the symptoms are difficulty breathing; strong abdominal pains; reduced quantity of the separated urine; abnormalities in cardiac arrest; unusual mental behavior; low platelet count; danger of refusing to work some authorities.
The third and most severe stage is called septic shock.
For it the following specific symptoms: these symptoms are observed both in an advanced state of sepsis, plus very low blood pressure and are unaffected by patient's acquisitions of different solutions. Sepsis is a progressive disease that affects seniors that begins slightly, with severe sepsis and septic shock. Deterioration of sepsis may cause blood clots, severely limiting the blood flow to vital organs, including the lungs, kidneys, the heart and the brain.
Sepsis develops as a result of infection in the body. Chemical substances are released into the blood to fight the infection, but instead, cause inflammation that encompasses the whole organism. Inflammation triggers a number of reactions in the body that lead to damage to the function of many organs in the human body. Bacterial infections are one of the main causes for the development of sepsis. The infection can develop at any spot where bacteria can reach.
What are the complications of sepsis?
If the sepsis worsens, the blood supply to vital organs such as the heart, brain, and kidneys is disturbed. In case of sepsis, there may be blood clots in some organs or limbs, and as a result, damage to the function of an organ or to gangrene and amputation of a limb. Sepsis is triggered when the body tries to compensate for overcompensation for a major infection and too many white blood cells are released into the bloodstream. An example that can be mentioned is kidney and chest infection. It looks like the ordinary flu in the early stages, but it can lead to septic shock that threatens life. To recognize the signs of sepsis, there is no standard training for care professionals who care for elderly people.
But experts say there is a "golden hour" to treat sepsis in senior ages, and one can be saved with timely help. Here are six main signs of disease recognition: - Are they drowsy? - Is their breathing fast or shallow? - Are they having a fever? - Does their tan demise? - Do they look confused, distracted or excited? - Are they talking about the worst they ever felt? An indicator of the development of sepsis can be an elevated temperature that can be measured at home while the patient is being examined by a specialist. Measuring their home temperature may be the best indicator of whether someone has sepsis until a medical specialist is available, but you should try to get it to a doctor as soon as possible to identify the symptoms.
Most importantly, when talking to a doctor, follow the "just ask" protocol: ask if they think it may be sepsis and give a good, general story to the individual. If you are not familiar with the patient, a summary of their medical condition should be placed in the front of the care plan. Older people experiencing sepsis and home care should inform people in the social services that care for them if they have already experienced sepsis. So they can have timely and adequate relief from recurrence. Because sepsis can come back again.