There are a lot of health issues that can affect the menstrual cycle. Some conditions can make periods heavy and painful while others can lead to irregular and even missed periods. It is essential to understand that any changes in the menstrual cycle may manifest certain conditions that should be evaluated and treated by a doctor. In this article, we have gathered seven common conditions that can affect your periods.
Adenomyosis is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, grows into the uterine walls. As a result, the uterus can become enlarged and this leads to pelvic pain and pressure.
Due to the fact that the endometrial tissue sheds during periods, women with adenomyosis can experience heavy blood flow during periods and severe menstrual cramps. If you experience at least some of the symptoms listed above, visit an adenomyosis specialist for a thorough diagnosis and treatment.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium grows outside the uterus. The endometrial tissue can spread to the ovaries and fallopian tubes and cause problems with conception. Additionally, endometriosis can cause painful cramping during periods, pelvic pain, and lower back pain.
3. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign growths that can occur in the uterus. These tumors can be small like a pea and large like a melon. Some women with fibroids may not experience any symptoms while others may suffer from severe periods, lower back pain, abdominal pressure, and other symptoms.
If uterine fibroids don’t cause any bothersome symptoms, you may not require any treatment, However, it is essential to monitor your condition to avoid complications. In the case of severe symptoms, your gynecologist may recommend removing uterine fibroid and taking medications to ease their symptoms.
4. Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a condition that occurs when an untreated vaginal infection like bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infection affects pelvic organs. Women with this condition usually experience chronic pelvic pain, heavy periods, fever, and abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell. Pelvic inflammatory disease can be treated with the help of antibiotics.
5. Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman has an increased level of male hormones that cause a lot of unpleasant symptoms. The most common of them are:
- Irregular periods
- Missed periods
- Weight gain
- Excessive facial and body hair
- Male-pattern baldness
Due to the fact that PCOS causes cysts in the ovaries, women with this condition can have fertility issues. Even though there is no complete cure for this condition, medication can heal ease the symptoms of PCOS and even increase your chances to get pregnant.
6. Uterine cancer
Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is a condition in which the cells of the endometrial tissue change and multiply. In the initial stages, uterine cancer can develop asymptomatically. But when it advances, you may experience heavy periods, spotting, and abnormal discharge. It is essential to visit your gynecologist if you have noticed the aforementioned symptoms.
7. Thyroid disorders
The thyroid gland produces a lot of hormones that regulate the functions of your body. If you experience a lack of thyroid hormones, this condition is called hypothyroidism. Women with this condition can have long and heavy periods that are accompanied by severe cramping.
If your thyroid gland is overactive, you can have hyperthyroidism. This condition can cause short and light periods. Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include sudden weight loss, anxiety, missed periods, increased appetite, and hyperactivity. It is essential to undergo blood testing and treat ant thyroid issues to normalize your menstrual cycle and improve your well-being.
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